Bussiness English 商业英语词汇（四）
(noun) A complementary or parallel relationship between two things in which the behavior of one influences the behavior of the other
EXAMPLE:There is often a strong correlation between the amount of money a salesman is earning and his emotional condition.
(noun) Euphemism for "downsizing" which is the elimination of jobs within a company
EXAMPLE:When our new company president began talking about the need for rightsizing, we knew that many of us might soon be looking for new employment.
(noun) A sum of cash returned to a customer or a retailer after a purchase, sometimes used as an offer to encourage new sales
EXAMPLE:When John purchased a new printer for his PC he got a $50 rebate mailed to him from the manufacturer, which reduced the total price by twenty-five percent.
horse trading（激烈讨价还价后）让步 （词组）
(phrase) Hard bargaining in which both sides make painful concessions
EXAMPLE: The two rival negotiators were polite but stubborn, and their intense discussions involved some real horse trading.
to firm up 最终落实，敲定（词组）
(phrase) To complete the final details of something, such as an agreement or proposal
EXAMPLE: After several discussions, the rival companies have finally agreed to merge and plan to firm up the deal at a meeting next week.
(noun; verb) Loud, angry complaints expressing frustration in an extravagant manner (also, to make such complaints)
EXAMPLE:The unhappy customer had quite a rant against our product, so when he stopped shouting, we returned his money to satisfy him.
(verb) To discourage or prevent something from growing, or from meeting its optimal potential
EXAMPLE:Several prominent business leaders argued that new government regulations would inhibit economic growth.
(adj.) Affluent; wealthy and stylish
EXAMPLE:The fashionable watches were designed for an upscale market that wanted quality no matter how high the price.
(phrase) Unsolicited; describing new business, proposals or sales that come to a company without being the result of special effort (NOTE: used as an adjective)
EXAMPLE: While we also looked for new product ideas internally, our firm regularly received some excellent over-the-transom concepts from independent developers.
offset a loss (or gain) 补偿（损失）或抵消（收益）（词组）
(phrase) To counteract in a way that maintains balance
EXAMPLE: Last year a large increase in the value of his real estate holdings helped he investor offset a loss in the stock market.
(verb) To convert accounts from one fund to another; to reinvest immediately
EXAMPLE:In the U.S. many employees can rollover their retirement accounts from one fund to another without tax penalties.
(noun) A slight move upward (particularly and increase in the value of a stock market share)
EXAMPLE:Shares of XYZ stock have been experiencing daily upticks for one week running.
(phrase) In a continuous manner; lasting all day and all night
EXAMPLE:Our management team is working around-the-clock to finish the project on time.
closed end（日期或金额）严格确定的 （词组）
(phrase) Having defined, specific time or money limits
EXAMPLE: Our landlord insisted on a closed end lease that would not allow us to rent his property for more than five years.
assumption of 承担（词组）
(phrase) Taking on responsibility for something such as a duty, risk or responsibility
EXAMPLE: The assumption of too may new debts is straining our company's resources.
(noun, REAL ESTATE) A sum of money offered at the close of a sale in exchange for a reduced loan rate
EXAMPLE:The buyer suggested a five percent buydown in exchange for a two percent reduction on the mortgage.
(adj.) Monotonous, boring, unchanging
EXAMPLE:1. After several humdrum years working as an accountant, the young executive was delighted by the daily challenges he found when he moved into his company's marketing department.
EXAMPLE:2. Being an accountant was too humdrum for the ambitious young executive, so she quit after less than a year and looked for a more exciting job.
legacy 1. 遗产（名词）
(noun) Money or property left to heirs in a will, anything of great value inherited by one;s descendants
EXAMPLE:When he died I learned that my uncle had left me a small legacy with which I started a shop.
我叔叔去世时，我获悉他留给了我一笔数额不大的遗产，我用这笔钱开了一家商店。 2. （独特的）历史贡献（名词，比喻）
(noun, FIGURATIVE) A long-lasting, distinctive and highly-valued contribution to history, particularly on desired by a prominent leader
EXAMPLE:As his legacy, the President strove to establish world peace and prosperity.
to custom-tailor按客户要求定制 （词组）
(phrase) To create, prepare or alter according to the individual needs of a particular customer
EXAMPLE: The client had very specific requirements so we needed to custom-tailor our equipment before we could install it at his site.
(adjective) Able to be trusted; well informed and reasonable
EXAMPLE:The old banker was able to give us sound financial advice, and we benefited from his wisdom.
to lowball 虚报低价（口语，及物动词）
(transitive verb）INFORMAL to estimate a price at significantly low rate, to offer a low fee in order to win a job or contract, or to set very low goals in order to be sure they will be met
EXAMPLE: Our consulting firm needed new work to maintain its staff, so we lowballed our bid on a recent project to keep people working despite the fact that we did not make much profit.
(noun) The leader in a group that establishes the speed or direction of the group (also, pacemaker)
EXAMPLE: Famous designers in Paris, Milan, and New York are the pacesetters of the high fashion clothing world.
(noun) FORMAL, LEGAL the performance of an illegal act by a government or corporate official
EXAMPLE: When the theft of municipal funds by the city's mayor was discovered, he was arrested and charged with malfeasance.
by word of mouth 口口相传（词组）
(phrase) Orally; describing communication or referrals made verbally
EXAMPLE: The best advertising for a new movie or restaurant is often by word of mouth among friends.